Centre for Reading and Language

Professor Maggie Snowling

Professor Maggie Snowling (credit: Suzy Harrison)

University of Oxford
Telephone: 01865 277419
Email: president@sjc.ox.ac.uk
Address: St John's College, Oxford, OX1 3JP
Additional web page: http://www.sjc.ox.ac.uk/367/The-President.html


Maggie has co-directed the Centre for Reading and Language at The University of York since 1995 with Professor Charles Hulme. Over the years she has managed a large number of research projects and staff within the Centre. She continues to oversee the CRL now it is a virtual network.

Maggie completed her first degree at Bristol and her doctorate at University College London. She is professionally qualified as a clinical psychologist. She is Past-President of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading (SSSR) and one of the Joint Editors of the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Maggie served as a member of Sir Jim Rose’s Expert Advisory Group on provision for Dyslexia in 2009 and as an expert member of the Education for All: Fast Track Initiative group in Washington DC in 2011.

Maggie is a Fellow of the British Academy and a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences.

Research interests

Maggie's research interests are focused on children’s language and learning and she is specifically interested in the nature and causes of children’s reading difficulties and how best to ameliorate them.

Recent publications

Journal articles
Hulme, C. & Snowling, M.J. (2013) Learning to read:  What we know and what we need to understand  better. Child Development Perspectives.

Fricke, S., Bowyer-Crane, C., Haley, A.J., Hulme, C. and Snowling, M.J. (2013) Efficacy of language intervention in the early years. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry.

Snowling, M.J. (2012) Early identification and interventions for dyslexia – a contemporary view. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs.

Warmington, M., Stothard. S.E. & Snowling, M. J. (2012) Assessing Dyslexia in Higher Education: The York Adult Assessment Battery-Revised. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs.

Henderson, L.M., Snowling, M.J., Clarke, P. (2012). Accessing, integrating and inhibiting word meaning in poor comprehenders. Scientific Studies of Reading, 0, 1-22. DOI: 10.1080/10888438.2011.652721

Bourgoyne, K., Duff, F., Clarke, P.J., Buckley, S., Snowling, M.J. & Hulme, C. (2012)  Efficacy of a reading and language intervention for children with Down syndrome: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry.

Treiman, R., Stothard, S. & Snowling, M. J.  (2012) Instruction Matters: Spelling of Vowels by Children in England and the US. Reading and Writing.  DOI: 10.1007/s11145-012-9377-4

Hulme, C., Bowyer-Crane, C., Carroll, J., Duff, F., & Snowling, M.J. (2012). The causal role of phoneme awareness and letter-sound knowledge in learning to read: combining intervention studies with mediation analyses.  Psychological Science, 23, 572 - 577 DOI: 10.1177/0956797611435921

Gooch, G., Snowling, M.J. and Hulme, C. (2012) Reaction Time Variability in Children with ADHD Symptoms and/or Dyslexia. Developmental Neuropsychology, 37, 453-472

Hulme, C., Goetz, K., Brigstocke, S., Nash, H.M., Lervag, A. and Snowling, M.J. (2012) The growth of reading skills in children with Down Syndrome. Developmental Science (15) 320-329 DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-7687.2011.01129.x

Henderson, L.M., Tsogka, N. and Snowling, M.J. (2012) Questioning the benefits that coloured overlays can have for reading in students with and without dyslexia. Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs. doi: 10.1111/j.1471-3802.2012.01237.x

Snowling, M.J., Dawes, P., Nash, H. and Hulme, C. (2012) Validity of a Protocol for Adult Self-Report of Dyslexia and Related Difficulties. Dyslexia, 18, 1-15 DOI: 10.1002/dys.1432

Baylis, P. & Snowling, M.J. (2012) Evaluation of a phonological reading programme for children with Down Syndrome. Child Language Teaching & Therapy 28, 39-56 DOI: 10.1177/0265659011414277

Snowling, M.J. and Hulme, C. (2011) Interventions for children's language and literacy difficulties. International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders 47, 27-34 DOI: 10.1111/j.1460-6984.2011.00081.x

Snowling, M.J. and Hulme, C. (2011) Annual Research Review: The nature and classification of reading disorders: a commentary on proposals for DSM-5. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. doi:10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02495.x

Nag, S. & Snowling, M.J.  (2011) Reading in an Alphasyllabary: Implications for a Language Universal Theory of Learning to Read, Scientific Studies of Reading  DOI: 10.1080/10888438.2011.576352

Hulme, C. & Snowling, M.J. (2011) Children’s reading comprehension difficulties: nature, causes and treatment.  Current Directions in Psychological Science. 20, 139 - 142. DOI 10.1177/0963721411408673

Snowling, MJ., Duff, F., Petrou, A,, Schiffeldrin, J. & Bailey, A.M. (2011) Identification of Children At Risk for Dyslexia: The Validity of Teacher Judgements using ‘Phonic Phases’. Journal of Research in Reading, 43, 157–170   DOI: 10.1111/j.1467-9817.2011.01492.x

Bowyer-Crane, C., Snowling, M.J., Duff, F. and Hulme, C. (2011) Response to Early Intervention of Children with Specific and General Language Impairment. Learning Disabilities: A Contemporary Journal, 9, 107-121

Snowling, M.J. & Hulme, C. (2011) Evidence-based Interventions for Reading and Language Difficulties: Creating a Virtuous Circle. British Journal of Educational Psychology DOI:10.1111/j.2044-8279.2010.02014.x

Henderson, L.M., Baseler, H.A, Clarke, P.J., Watson, S., & Snowling, M.J. (2011). The N400 effect in children: Relationships with comprehension, vocabulary and decoding.  Brain & Language, 117, 88-99

Henderson, L., Clarke, P. & Snowling, M.J. (2011) Accessing and selecting word meaning in autism spectrum disorder.  Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-7610.2011.02393.x

McKendree, J., & Snowling, M.J. (2011). Examination results of medical students with dyslexia  Medical Education, 45,176–182  doi:10.1111/j.1365-2923.2010.03802.x


  • Snowling, M.J. (2000).  Dyslexia. 2nd  edition.  Oxford: Blackwell  (Translated Japan (2008) and Brazil (2004)).  Pp253
  • Hulme, C., & Snowling, M.J. (2009).  Developmental disorders of language and cognition.  Oxford: Blackwell/Wiley.  Pp434
  • Carroll, J.M., Bowyer-Crane, C., Duff, F., Hulme, C., & Snowling, MJ.  (2011) Effective intervention for language and literacy in the early years.  Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell.  Pp170

Psychometric Tests

  • Snowling Graded Nonword Reading Test reproduced with permission in Klein, C. (1993) Diagnosing Dyslexia.  London: Adult Literacy and Basic Skills Unit.
  • Snowling, M.J., Stothard, S.E. & McLean, J. (1996)  Graded Nonword Reading Test. Thames Valley Test Co.
  • Muter, V., Hulme, C. & Snowling, M.J. (1997) The Phonological Abilities Test.  London: The Psychological Corporation.
  • Snowling, M.J., Stothard, SE., Clarke, P., Bowyer-Crane, C., Harrington, A., Truelove, E., Nation, K., & Hulme, C. (2009) YARC York Assessment of Reading for Comprehension.  Passage Reading.  GL Assessment.
  • Hulme, C, Stothard, SE., Clarke, P., Bowyer-Crane, C., Harrington, A., Truelove, E., Snowling, M. J. (2009) YARC York Assessment of Reading for Comprehension.  Early Reading.  GL Assessment.
  • Stothard, SE., Hulme, C, Clarke, P., Barmby, P, Snowling, M. J. (in press) YARC York Assessment of Reading for Comprehension (Secondary).  GL Assessment.